Quick Links

PATHOGENS IN URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS (Six months hospital based cross sectional descriptive study)


OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of urinary tract infection and associated pathogens at tertiary care hospital.
PATIEHTS AND METHODS: This descriptive type cross sectional study was conducted at tertiary care hospital. All patients above 12 years of age, of either gender present with shaking chills, fever, pain or burning when urinating, altered urine colour, urethral discharge, frequent and urgent need to urinate, blood in urine, discomfort in the middle of the lower abdomen (suprapubic pain and flank pain) with nausea and vomiting were enrolled and evaluated for presence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and associated pathogen through urine detail report (urine DR) and urine for culture and sensitivity (C/ S).
RESULT: Out of 110 suspected cases of UTI, 85 (77%) patients were found to be positivefor urinary tract infection with mean age 34.73 , 7.61 (SD). The pathogens identifiedwere Escherichia coli (61%), Staphylococcus aureus (13%), Proteus (17%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1%) and Klebsiella (8%). The fever was observed in 72(85%) subjects, chills in 60(71%) patients, nausea and vomiting in 42(49%) subjects, sweating in 58(68%) patients, blood in the urine 52 (61%) patients, pain or burning when urinating in 75(88%) patients, altered urine colour in 20(24%) subjects, urethral discharge in 16(19%) patients, frequent and urgent to urinate in 80(94%) subjects and suprapubic pain in 38(45%) patients.

CONCLUSION: The female gender was predominant, and identified urinary pathogen were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella.

Syed Zulfiquar Ali Shah, TARIQ ZAFFAR SHAIKH, Bekha Ram Devrajani

Publishing Source:


Download complete paper.